Collection Development

Selection of materials

The Livonia Public Library provides materials and services to support the informational and educational needs of the citizens of the Livonia area.  The primary functional roles that support this mission are 1) Current Topics & Titles; 2) General Information; 3) Basic Literacy.  These functional roles will be considered in the development of the collection, and will receive priority in the allocation of resources and funds.

Selection and purchase of library materials rests with the library director who may delegate some responsibilities to other staff members.  Staff will adhere to accepted professional practices when making selection decisions.  First, the recreational, educational, and informational needs of the community will be considered in selecting print and non-print materials.  As new types of materials are developed, these will also be considered for purchase.

Materials will be selected based on positive reviews in professional journals or actual examination and evaluation of materials, however the library does not allow placement of orders by telephone nor will it accept items on approval.  Instead of reviews, popular demand (bestsellers, local interest, school reading lists, popular videos, etc.) may be used as criterion for selection of materials.  Items that must be updated every year may be placed on a standing order list to endure timely delivery.  Suggestions from the community for items to be considered for purchase are encouraged, but materials must meet selection criteria.

The Livonia Public Library does not attempt to acquire textbooks that support school curricula, but may acquire textbooks for general use by the public.  Multiple copies of popular books (e.g. bestsellers, popular authors) may be purchased to meet demand.  The library will attempt to have information available in a variety of formats (book, non-book, magazine, video/DVD, large print, pamphlet, CD-ROM or electronic reference sources, etc.) when available and practical.  Generally, only one copy of materials (videos/DVDs, compact discs, audio books on tape, paperbacks, large print) will be purchased unless long-term high demand is anticipated.  Videos/DVDs and audio recordings will be selected for potential long-term use to meet general interests the scope of which is to provide home entertainment, education, and information for all ages.  Regardless of an item’s popularity, the library may choose not to select because its format is not durable enough to withstand reasonable library use, or it would require excessive staff time to maintain.

For materials that the library does not own, patrons may borrow requested material through Interlibrary Loan with Pioneer Library System member libraries or any other library in the U.S. if available.

The Internet is a global electronic network, which enables libraries to provide resources, materials, and information beyond the traditional collections and electronic resources.  As such the Internet is seen as another resource to be used to support the mission of the Livonia Public Library. The library offers full Internet access.  The library does not control the Internet and its resources.  Further, the library cannot warranty the timeliness, accuracy or validity of the information; availability of links; or regulate the materials some may find offensive.  It is the responsibility of the user, therefore, to determine what materials are appropriate and suitable.

Challenges to items in the collection should be made in writing to the library director.  (See also the “Request for Reconsideration of Materials” policy).  Materials that no longer meet the needs of the community and no longer support the library’s collection will be withdrawn and disposed of in accordance with the library’s “Deselection of Materials” policy.


The Livonia Public Library welcomes gifts of new and used books, (except used textbooks, Reader’s Digest Condensed Books) audio recordings, videos, and similar materials with the understanding that their inclusion is dependent on good physical condition, usefulness to the collection, and other criteria in accordance with the selection policy of the library.  Once donated, items become the property of Livonia Public Library, and may be given to other libraries and non-profit agencies, sold, or discarded if they are not added to the collection.  Donated items will not be returned to the donor and the library will not accept any item that is not an outright gift.  The library will acknowledge receipt of donated items but is unable to set fair market or appraisal values.  It is recommended that the donor make a list of items donated.  If items are being donated to obtain a tax benefit, it is the donor’s responsibility to establish fair market value or obtain expert assistance in establishing value.  The library also reserves the right to decide when a gift added to the collection must be withdrawn.

Monetary gift, bequests, and memorial or honorary contributions are particularly welcome.  Funds donated will be used to purchase items in accordance with the selection policy of the library.  Books, videos, and other materials purchased with bequests and memorial or honorary contributions will be identified with special donor plates whenever possible.  If requested, notification of memorial or honorary contributions will be sent to the family of the person being recognized.  Suggestions for subject areas or other areas of interest are welcome and will be followed when possible.  Memorial items that no longer meet the Collection Development Policy for Livonia Public Library may be weeded from the collection and discarded.  An attempt to contact the family to give the item back to them will be made.

Acceptance of donations of equipment, real estate, stock, artifacts, works of art, collections, etc., will be determined by the library board, based on their suitability to the purposes and needs of the library, laws and regulations that govern the ownership of the gift, and the library’s ability to cover insurance and maintenance costs associated with the donation.

De-selection of Materials

Materials that no longer suit the stated service roles of the library will be withdrawn from the collection.  This may include materials that are damaged, include obsolete information, or are no longer used.  Decisions will be based on accepted professional practice, such as those described in The CREW Method, and the professional judgement of the library director or designated staff.  When necessary, library system specialists will be consulted to determine relevance and reliability of materials.

Items withdrawn from the collection will be disposed of in accordance with local law, which permits discarding into the trash, recycling of paper, or transfer to the Friends of Livonia Public Library for future sales.

Request for Reconsideration of Materials

The Livonia Public Library welcomes comments and suggestions regarding the continued appropriateness of materials in the collection, especially concerning outdated materials.  Suggestions will be considered and utilized by the library in the ongoing process of collection development.

Individuals may take issue with library materials that do not support their tastes and views.  Staff is available to discuss concerns and identify alternate materials that may be available.  If a patron’s concern is not satisfied through discussion with staff, a formal written request for reconsideration of materials may be submitted to the library director.  Copies of this form are available at the circulation desk.

The Livonia Public Library is not a judicial body.  Laws governing obscenity, subversive materials, or other questionable matters are subject to interpretation by the courts.  Therefore, no challenged material will be removed solely for the complaint of obscenity or any other category covered by law until after court of competent jurisdiction has rules against the material.  No materials will be knowingly added to the library collection that has been previously determined to be in non-compliance with local laws.

For a request for reconsideration to be deliberated, the form must be completed in full.  The patron submitting the request must be a resident of the chartered area served by the Livonia Public Library and hold a valid borrower’s card.  The director will respond, in writing within thirty days of receipt, to the patron’s request for reconsideration.  The response will indicate the action to be taken and reasons for or against the request.  An item will only be evaluated for reconsideration once in a twelve-month period.

Approved by Livonia Public Library Board of Trustees    Date: Oct. 1999

Revised: Nov. 12, 2002

Amended: March 9, 2009

Amended:  Septemebr11, 2012
















Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: